15 new VSV-affected premises in California

The new premises are located in Fresno, Madera and Mariposa counties.
Head of horse looking over the stable doors. Young stallion in a stable.

Since the last situation report on October 25, 15 new premises in California have been become affected by vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), including two confirmed positive and 13 suspect premises. 

In Fresno County, there are two new confirmed backyard cattle premises and nine new suspect equine premises. Additionally, one previously reported suspect equine premises has been confirmed positive. 

In Madera County, there are two new suspect equine premises. Mariposa County also has two new suspect equine premises.Since the last report, six premises in Fresno County and three premises in Tulare County have been released from quarantine. Counties with current VSV quarantines include Fresno, Madera, Mariposa and Tulare counties. 

About vesicular stomatitis 

Vesicular stomatitis is a viral disease of horses, donkeys, mules, cattle, swine and New World camelids that occurs in the Western Hemisphere. It is named for the characteristic vesicular lesions it causes in the form of blisters, crusts and ulceration of the lips, muzzle, nose, tongue, ears, sheath, teats and/or coronary band. The virus is transmitted by biting midges and therefore is seasonal.

Clinical Signs for vesicular stomatitis include:

  • Vesicle formation leading to ulcerative lesions on the lips, muzzle, nostrils and tongue. The tongue is often the most severely affected area.
  • Ulceration of the inner surface of the lips.
  • Crusting of the muzzle, nostrils, and/or inside the ears.
  • Excessive salivation secondary to the oral lesions.
  • Difficulty picking up and chewing feed.
  • Lameness due to painful erosions on the coronary band.
  • Lesions can occur on the udder, sheath and inside of the ear.
  • Lesions can develop secondary infections resulting in slow-to-heal wounds.
  • Animals on pastures are at increased risk of vesicular stomatitis.

Initial diagnosis is based on recognition of characteristic vesicular lesions. Infection is confirmed via laboratory testing for serum antibodies and/or virus identification in fluid samples from active lesions. Veterinarians are required to report suspected cases to state/federal animal health officials who will direct sample submission to an approved regulatory laboratory for diagnostic testing. 

There is no specific treatment for vesicular stomatitis. Best practices include implementing good biosecurity and treating affected horses with pain relievers, anti-inflammatories and supportive care as recommended by a veterinarian.

Isolating all affected animals and placing the premise on immediate quarantine is required until all horses have fully recovered and no active lesions are present. The State Veterinarian will work with the local veterinarian to determine and implement necessary quarantine procedures.

Brought to you by Boehringer Ingelheim, The Art of the Horse

CATEGORIES

TAGS

SHARE THIS STORY

Related Posts

Gray horse head in profile on EQ Extra 89 cover
What we’ve learned about PPID
COVER EQ_EXTRA-VOL88
Do right by your retired horse
COVER EQ_EXTRA-VOL87
Tame your horse’s anxiety
COVER EQ_EXTRA-VOL86 Winter Care_fnl_Page_1
Get ready for winter!

EDCC HEALTH ALERTS

Don’t miss an important EDCC Health Alert! Get alerts delivered straight to your inbox by signing up for EQUUS Magazine’s newsletter.

"*" indicates required fields

Name*
Country*

Additional Offers

Additional Offers
This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.