To people outside the horse world, the idea of handling unpredictable animals that weigh upwards of 1,000 pounds seems nothing short of death-defying. But, for many of us, the challenge of working with horses is not nearly as daunting as contending with the other volatile creatures we sometimes encounter at the barn. You know what I’m talking about: barn drama and the people who create it.
If you don’t frequent a boarding stable or large riding facility, you may not have firsthand experience with the simmering tensions—and worse—that sometimes darken the atmosphere where horsepeople gather. But barn drama is fairly common (some would say inevitable) where individuals who have invested time and money on equestrian pursuits share amenities and interact regularly. Trouble may start with something minor, perhaps a borrowed currycomb or a disagreement about training philosophies, but things can get ugly with surprising speed. And when they do, disputes may lead to shouting matches, whisper campaigns and outright criminality involving vandalism, theft or even assault.
Indeed, local papers and riding newsletters occasionally chronicle the fallout from this phenomenon. The next time you see a headline about an act of vandalism at a barn—or example, the unauthorized shearing of a horse’s tail—suspect a barn dispute gone bad. The topic has even been covered by the Wall Street Journal, which in 2014 published a story called “What the Hay? ‘Barn Drama’ Puts Riders on Their High Horses.” The article describes the problem this way: “Take a group of passionate, opinionated individualists. (Riding, a solo activity, doesn’t attract “team players.”) Give them a consuming hobby centered on a delicate, expensive living creature. Put them in close quarters … and let the backbiting begin.”
Barn drama takes a toll on individuals and is a drain on the horse industry. It can shatter relationships, tarnish joyful events and even threaten the livelihoods of horse-industry professionals. It’s a common reason why people change boarding facilities, switch trainers, leave riding clubs and stop participating in shows or other events. In short, barn drama has the potential to destroy the dreams people have spent a lifetime pursuing.
Yet many people who have weathered the worst effects of barn drama assume that their experience was an exception, or that the problem was of their own making. Worse, many barn owners, trainers and other professionals responsible for equine community infrastructure don’t appreciate just how devastating equestrian grudge matches can be. But with clear policies and commonsense methods for resolving issues, it’s possible to head off many barn disputes entirely and to keep those that do occur from escalating to the point that lawyers and courts become involved.
For starters, the law—or at least the elements that underpin legal agreements—can be used to encourage clear and positive communication among individuals, which in itself can defuse tensions and offer a path toward resolution. A framework that includes written contracts that spell out mutual expectations, including rights and responsibilities, for all who board horses, use services or participate in other activities will help to insulate a community against the most common causes of barn drama. But if problems still arise, take another page from the legal profession and apply conflict resolution tools to de-escalate the situation, protect important relationships and preserve the quality of life for all involved.
Conflict resolution skills for equestrians
The idea of resolving issues without lawsuits has been gaining traction in the legal community for several decades. Proper screening protocols, written contracts and clearly communicated rules can go a long way toward preventing disputes and other problems, but there’s no way to eliminate barn drama entirely. When it does occur, however, there are ways to deescalate the conflict well before the parties involved resort to legal action. While entire books are written—and courses are taught—about conflict resolution, you need not be a lawyer to apply these nine techniques for de-escalating and finding a solution to the problem at hand.
1. Foster a team approach. We’re all at the barn because we love horses. Many facilities talk about having a family atmosphere. While that may not be a good analogy for people with dysfunctional families, the sentiment is one that is important to keep
in mind. Everyone needs to realize and recognize that the barn functions best when everyone’s actions support the barn, people who board there and their horses. This attitude doesn’t mean that everyone has to ride together or always agree about things. But it does call for letting people know that they matter, listening to them and making sure they know that what they do at the barn affects the atmosphere and success of the barn. A shared vision of a successful barn is the first step to ensuring everyone continues to have a good place for themselves and their horses.
2. Address problems quickly so they don’t escalate. We have all had the experience of being in conflict with someone and not saying or doing anything to address it. It’s hard to deal with these situations, but we know that failing to do so actually causes them to fester and get worse. We tend to think about what happened over and over and get angrier and angrier. Then, if additional things happen, the situation becomes explosive. It’s better for everyone to address problems as soon as possible in a productive and calm manner.
3. Don’t gossip about the problem to others. It can be tempting to complain to others instead of talking to the person directly or bringing the problem to the attention of the barn owner. The person you speak to depends on your specific situation, and you need to use your best judgment. But idle gossiping does nothing to solve the problem.
4. Focus on the issue, not the person or horse. Whether you are dealing directly with the other party or the barn owner has been asked to intervene, limit your discussion to the problem and avoid veering off into personal attacks against the person or her horse. This focus requires the realization and acceptance that we don’t always get along with everyone. That is simply a fact of living in a society, and one that we must all accept. For example, if a complaint involves a boarder leaving her tack all over the barn, don’t make the discussion about how that person is unorganized or messy. The issue is that the tack takes up space and may be in the way. Focus on that and find ways to resolve it.
5. Really listen to the other person. Listening is an underappreciated skill nowadays. In our fast-paced culture we need to slow down, be patient and receptive to what the other person is saying. One important concept is opening up your heart and mind to what that person is saying. Softening to the other person’s statements does not mean you are wrong, a bad person or admitting guilt. It simply means that you don’t put up walls between you. To resolve a problem, you’ll need to have a true conversation, and that can only happen if both parties are really listening to each other as well as speaking.
6. Use “I” statements when discussing the problem. Once we start using “you” language, it’s far too easy to escalate into blaming the person for the situation instead of working to resolve it. When you use “I,” you accomplish several goals. First, you ensure that you aren’t attacking the other person. Second, it causes you to stop and think about what is really bothering you. Third, it allows the person doing the listening to hear how the situation is affecting someone else—perhaps in a way they never have before. In the example of tack being left around the barn, someone saying “I can’t put my tack anywhere when I saddle up if there is a saddle in that spot already,” clearly explains the problem and lets the other person see how her behavior is causing an issue for others, one that is actually easily solved.
7. Be prepared to agree to disagree. Even in the best situations, sometimes we just need to agree to disagree. One of the main situations where this can arise in barn drama involves training techniques. There has been a huge proliferation of training systems over the years, and as we all know, discussions can become quite heated about them. While disagreements such as this should not create a problem, they can certainly make a barn atmosphere uncomfortable. In situations such as these, the best course of action is to honestly agree to disagree—which also means not continuing to talk about it behind the other person’s back.
8. Get a neutral party involved. Sometimes situations are so serious—perhaps because they involve potential for injury or large sums of money—that a professional is needed to resolve them. Someone trained in conflict resolution or mediation has the skills and experience to help the parties involved in a nonjudgmental, unbiased way. It may even be that a conflict resolution workshop or seminar benefits the entire barn so that people can see that being in conflict isn’t unique to them or their barn. In fact, they may even learn skills they can use away from the barn.
9. Drop the issue once it’s resolved. Arrange to discuss the issue somewhere that will allow privacy and enough time to reach a resolution. And when you achieve agreement or come close enough to satisfy each party, move on.
Resist the temptation to mull over discussions once they have finished—we all find ourselves thinking we should have added something we didn’t say at the time. But let those feelings go—to do otherwise will jeopardize all of the progress you’ve made. If you feel you cannot drop the issue, then you need to think long and hard about why you feel that way and whether further discussion is warranted or will accomplish anything. Sometimes, as hard as it is to admit to ourselves, the situation has been resolved, and we have to work on ourselves at that point.
Barn drama needn’t be something that prevents us from enjoying our horses. We can work to prevent disputes and, if they do occur, address them in healthy ways. The thing to remember is that we are all in this because of what we all—even with horsepeople we dislike—have in common: we love horses and want to enjoy our time at the barn.
About the Author: Joanne L. Belasco, Esq. has worked as a horse professional for 20 years through Tapestry Institute and Understanding the Horse, and has been a member of the Massachusetts bar since 1993. Her online law firm Windhorse Legal combines the two fields to provide the horse community with contracts, counsel and business consulting.
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