A research project funded by equine charity The Horse Trust in Great Britain has found that lameness is the most common reason for euthanasia of geriatric horses.
This research is the first in the UK to provide data on the causes of death in geriatric horses. Although post-mortem studies have provided some data regarding causes of death, "old age" was previously reported as a common reason for the euthanasia of adult horses.
The research was carried out by Joanne Ireland, BVMS, MRCVS, of the University of Liverpool's veterinary epidemiology group, and led by Gina Pinchbeck, BVSc, CertES, PhD, DipECVPH, MRCVS,? a Senior Lecturer in Equine Epidemiology.
Ireland surveyed horse owners who live in the North-West and Midlands areas of England and North Wales and have a horse aged 15 years or older. She followed 918 owners of geriatric horses in a cohort study; 118 mortalities were reported during the 18 month follow-up period, of which 111 were euthanized.
The researchers found that lameness was the reason for euthanasia of 24 percent of horses; an additional 12% were euthanized due to laminitis, a common cause of lameness. After lameness, colic was the next most common cause of euthanasia, with 21 percent of owners citing this as the main reason.
In an earlier stage of the project, the researchers had found that half the geriatric horses surveyed suffered from lameness, but only 24 percent of owners reported the problem.
"Although lameness is common in older horses, this is the first study to quantify its contribution to their mortality," said Dr Pinchbeck. "Owners are often missing the early signs of lameness in their horse, which means the condition isn't being managed and may deteriorate faster. I would recommend that owners of geriatric horses ensure their horse has an annual health-check from the vet so these problems can be picked up earlier."
Dr Pinchbeck said it would be useful to carry out further research into lameness in geriatric horses to find out the main causes of lameness and how these may be prevented or treated. There are many potential causes of lameness in horses, including arthritis, laminitis and foot problems.
The research team also found that half of the horses euthanized were suffering from concurrent health problems and these influenced the owner's decision to euthanize in 43 percent of cases. The most frequently reported additional health problems were musculoskeletal problems, such as arthritis.
The mortality rate among the horses surveyed was 11 per 100 horse-years at risk, meaning that if 100 geriatric horses were followed for a year, an average of 11 would die. The mortality rate for horses over 30 years of age was over five times the rate than in horses aged 15 - 19 years.
Jeanette Allen, Chief Executive of The Horse Trust, said the data provided by this research is likely to provide useful information for both horse owners and veterinarians to enable them to improve the welfare of older horses.
"As there are a significant number of geriatric horses in the UK, it is vital that we understand more about the health problems that affect them," said Allen. "We hope that more owners of older horses will give their horse an annual health-check to enable the horse to have a longer, healthier life."
The research was published in the September 2011 issue of Preventive Veterinary Medicine.
The information in this article is edited from a report received from one of The Jurga Report's favorite charities, The Horse Trust. Founded in 1886, and run for many years under the name "The Horse of Rest for Horses",? it is the oldest horse charity in the UK and serves the horses of that nation in several ways. First, the Horse Trust still provides a place of retreat for working horses that have served their country or community and nurtures them throughout their final years. The charity also gives sanctuary to horses, ponies and donkeys that have suffered and need special treatment.
On another level the Horse Trust funds non-invasive research that advances knowledge of equine diseases, improving diagnosis and treatment and reducing suffering among equines worldwide. The charity also offers training for professionals and owners, with a focus on equine welfare and quality of life assessment.
The Horst Trust does good things for horses and deserves the support of all of us.